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Flaws with the Dual Elliptic Curve Deterministic Random Bit Generator (Dual EC DRBG) were found in 2007. Dan Shumow and Niels Ferguson, pointed out that using it with elliptic curve points generated by the NSA could allow encryption to be broken. Juniper Networks discovered unauthorized VPN-decryption code inside its NetScreen firewall firmware in 2015. It was attributed to Juniper’s decision to use the NSA-designed Dual EC Pseudorandom Number Generator. The backdoor had likely been added to Juniper products as far back as 2008 at the request of a ‘customer’. In 2018, US Senator Ron